Browse the latest industry and company news.
June 3, 2016
Beyond rote learning and memorization, what makes National Spelling Bee competitors such good spellers?
According to new brain research, spelling a word involves retrieving and storing information through orthographic long-term memory as well as processing information by orthographic working memory.
Brenda Rapp, a cognitive science professor at Johns Hopkins University and lead author of the study, and her colleagues observed 33 people who had trouble spelling after strokes. The participants struggled with long-term memory, working memory or both. Based on their findings, different types of spelling errors were made depending on where their brains were damaged.
Rapp suggests that orthographic long-term and orthographic working memory need to be fully developed and interacting properly to spell well. However, improvements can be made with studying, testing, and a lot of repetition.
J. Richard Gentry, author of Spelling Connections, explains research-based spelling training practices to teach and learn spelling. According to Gentry, “spelling needs its own time, about 15 minutes a day.” “It's all about frequency and patterns,” he said.